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We support families with disabled children in Somalia and promote the establishment of a social facility where these children can spend the day with supervision and medical care.
The federal state Somalia in eastern Africa
Somalia is located on the Horn of Africa, which is in the east of Africa and juts out into the Indian Ocean. The name of the country comes from the largest population group residing there, the Somali. By the merger of the British and Italian colonial regions Somalia reached independence in 1960.
The civil war started in 1988. In 1991, the authoritarian government of Siad Barre, who became president of Somalia by a military coup in 1969, was overthrown. Nevertheless, there was no central government for more than 20 years. Although transitional governments were formed in Somalia under the protection of the international community from 2000 on, large parts of the country fell into the hands of local clans or so-called warlords, as well as radical Islamist groups or pirates.
As a result, numerous de facto regimes have been formed in Somalia. While Somaliland has sought international recognition as an independent nation since 1991, the states of Puntland, Galmudug and Azania claim their autonomy. With the entry into force of the new constitution in 2012, these autonomous states are now members of the new Federal Republic of Somalia. The radical Islamist militias were largely fought and so in 2012 a joint Somali government could be re-elected. The new government was immediately tasked with the reorganization of state structures, which is increasingly recognized by other states and international organizations as representing Somalia.
About the region Central-Somalia, today’s Puntland
Puntland has a rich history and culture. Before the colonial rule there was a regime similar to principalities in Europe. The region was divided in three parts. In the eastern Region, called Bari, the old coastal cities Bosaaso, Caluula, Raas Casayr, Raas Xaafuun, Iskushuban and Bandarbayla are located. These cities had a political and economic pioneering role before and even during the colonial era.
In the Nugaal Valley region, there were the cities Eyl, Taleex and others, which were famous for their resistance to the colonial rule. From the region central-Somalia with the cities Mudug, Galkacyo, Hobyo the most famous Somali freedom fighters and politicians came from. But after the independence of Somalia in 1970 this region was forgotten. After the socialist government, the entire administration and all social facilities moved to the south of Somalia in the seventies and eighties, the east and central Somali states were left to the nomads.
When the civil war reached the capital in 1991 and quickly spread all over the south of Somalia, people who had not made it abroad or to a neighbouring country, fled the fighting within Somalia. They went to the eastern coastal cities and to central-Somalia. Upon their arrival they began to found an autonomous government and administration there. Today this region is called Puntland.